Egypt Transport

Get in


Several international airports serve Egypt. Cairo International Airport is the primary entry point and most people choose to arrive there. It's also the hub of the national carrier Egyptair. Other airports, such as Alexandria and Sharm el-Sheikh, receive numerous commercial international flights. Luxor receives international scheduled flights, mostly from Europe, in addition to charter flights. Aswan, Hurghada and Marsa Alam handle a number of charter flights.


All of the routes by bus must by necessity cross Israel. Travellers can easily access Egypt by bus from Israel from the bus stations in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. You will take a bus to Eilat where you can cross over the border into Taba and take a bus to Cairo or into the Sinai. The Jordanian state bus company, JETT, also operates a direct bus between Amman and Cairo which leaves at 03:00 from the JETT terminal in Amman and takes approximately 19 hours to reach Cairo.


ABMaritime operate ferries from Aqaba across to Nuweiba on the Sinai peninsula, bypassing Israel . A weekly ferry runs between Wadi Halfa in Sudan and Aswan. Ferry boats also between the Red Sea coast to ports in Saudi Arabia and Jordan.
Get around


The domestic air network is fairly extensive and covers most major towns in Egypt. The national carrier, EgyptAir, provide services from Cairo to quite a few towns and places of interest around the country, the most common being Luxor, Aswan Abu Simbel, Hurghada, Sharm el-Sheikh, Alexandria, Marsa Matruh, Marsa Alam and Kharga oasis.


Egyptian National Railways, the state-owned company, runs almost all trains in Egypt. The Cairo-Alexandria route is heavily travelled by train, with frequent service daily. There is a private company called, Abela Egypt, which runs overnight trains from Cairo to Luxor and Aswan, in Upper Egypt.

Train tickets can be bought at most major railway stations' booking offices once you are in Egypt, although a great deal of patience is often required. It also is advisable to purchase tickets in advance, since at peak travel times, trains may be fully booked. On ENR trains, a First Class ticket costs only a few dollars more than a Second class ticket and you will find it much more pleasant and comfortable.


Egypt has an extensive long-distance bus network, operated mostly by government-owned companies, whose names are Pullman, West Delta, Golden Arrow, Super Jet, East Delta, El Gouna, Upper Egypt Bus Co and Bedouin Bus. Some bus companies allow you to book seats in advance; some sell spots based upon availability of seats. Road accidents are very common in Egypt, mainly due to poor roads, dangerous driving and non-enforcement of traffic laws. Police estimate that road accidents kill over 6, 000 people in Egypt each year.


In the cities, taxis are a cheap and convenient way of getting around. But you should be careful and avoid fake taxis. The taxis are always painted in special colours to identify them. In Cairo the taxis are painted black with white around the front and rear fenders, in Luxor they are blue and white, and in Alexandria yellow and black. In Cairo and Luxor it is often much more interesting to use the taxis and a good guidebook instead of travelling around in a tour bus. Some of the taxis have meters, but most were calibrated using a law from the 1970s before the oil crisis and are never used.